uhlalutyo lwezolimo-maggot

Uhlalutyo loshishino lokuhlakulela izilwanyana ezingenasiphelo

Uhlalutyo lwe-Odorless Maggot Cultivation - Ngokwenza uhlalutyo lokulima okungenasiphelo, into ebalulekileyo yokuqwalasela ihambelana nezinto ezisetyenziswayo. Kuhlalutyo lwe-BSF ukuhlaziywa okanye ukuhlaziywa kweenkomo, oku kuluhlu olutshisayo olusetyenziswayo yintsikelelo yezinto eziphilayo, i-waste factory kunye nomgquba. Ezinye izinto ezibalulekileyo kukuhlalutya kwe-BSF ukulima, oko kukuthi

1. Izinto ezirhwexayo

Into yokuqala yokuhlalutya ukulima kwe-BSF ikhetha izinto ezibonakalayo. kunye nento esiyikhethayo yintengiso engcolileyo, ngokuqhelekileyo inkunkuma yendalo ayinayo ibalulekileyo yezoqoqosho kwaye ihlala ilahliwe. Ukongezelela, okwangoku ubukho balo buxubusha ukuxuba kunye nenkunkuma engafaniyo.

Ngoko ke, ukuze ufumane izinto ezibonakalayo zokuveliswa kwezinto ezibonakalayo, kuyimfuneko ukuzama ukuhlalutya inkunkuma engcolileyo. Umbuzo kukuba, ngaba abalimi bangenza ngokwabo?

Ukuhlenga inkunkuma yezinto eziphilayo kufuneka kwenziwe ngokweenkqubo, zombini kunye nemibutho yoluntu kunye noorhulumente wengingqi. Ukuba ngaba kunzima ukuphumeza le nyathelo, abalimi banokusebenzisana kunye namashishini okutya anexabiso elikhulu lokutya kwenkunkuma.

Ngokuqhelekileyo, ubukho bemfuyo yabo buhlukaniswe kakuhle. Abaqulunqi kufuneka babale ubukhulu benkunkuma engcolileyo ekwazi ukulawulwa ngokuqhubekayo ukwenzela ukuba isondo leshishini likwazi ukusebenza kakuhle.

2. Icandelo labathengi

Isibini sesibini ekuhlalutheni kwe-BSF ukuhlalwa ngumxhasi. Icandelo lokuvelisa umbane lenza umzamo wokubonelela ngemithombo yamaprotheni eminye yeentlanzi kunye nokutya kwemfuyo ngeendleko eziphantsi ngenxa ye-bioconversion yenkunkuma.

Ukuba umgudu wokuvelisa ukhankanywe ngokufaka indawo encinci yokutya kweentlanzi kwi-intlanzi okanye kumashishini okutya emfuyo, kuya kuba nefuthe elikhulu kulo shishino.

Ngenxa yokuba intengo yesidlo seentlanzi unyaka unyaka uye wanda. Ngaphandle koko, ubukho bemagot buba nefuthe ngqo kwiifama kunye nemfuyo. Ziyakwazi ukuvelisa ezinye iiprotheni ngokuzimeleyo ukwenzela ukunciphisa iindleko zokuvelisa.

Amanye amaqela aya kuvuyela umkhiqizo kule nkqubo ye-bioconversion yintyatyambo kunye neziqhamo zamasimi, ngenxa yokubonelelwa ngamagqabi aphezulu.

uhlalutyo lwezolimo-maggot

3. Uhlobo lo shishino

Uhlalutyo lwesithathu lwe-BSF ukulima luhlobo lwezoshishino eziza kwenziwa. Kukho ezimbini iintlobo zamashishini okuvelisa umbane ogqityiweyo.

  • Uhlobo lokuqala luyimashishini azimeleyo, okubandakanya amafama okanye amafama asentlanzi avelisa i-magot ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zabo
  • Uhlobo lwesibini luhlobo lweshishini kunye nomzekelo webambiswano lobambiswano lweplasma. Iprojekthi ye-Plasma nucleus yobambiswano yifom yefesimali efanelekileyo kakhulu kwimveliso yamagot apho indawo (ingundoqo) iya kuba njengabavelisi beqanda be-BSF.
  • Isikhundla se-plasma sinendima ekukhuliseni umlenze (ukuguqulwa kwenkunkuma engcolileyo) enokuthi yenziwe kwiinqununu zonyango lwenkunkuma, izindlu, njalonjalo.
  • I-magot ekhutshwayo yabuyiselwa kwakhona ngundoqo ukuze iqhutywe phambili ibe ngumgubo wamagotane okanye iipelisi zorhwebo.

4. Ishishini soShishino

Ukulima kweMaggot kuyahlukana kwiinkalo ezintathu zeshishini, oko kukuthi

  • Ukulima kweMaggot yokuqala
  • Ukulima kweMaggot
  • Isiqhamo seMaggot esiPhakathi
  • Ukulima kweMaggot

Kucinga ukuhlalutya kweenkomo ze-maggot njengeentlanzi kunye nokutya kweenkukhu. Uhlalutyo lwesilwanyana semfuyo ukuvavanya izibonelelo ezifunyenwe kwimisebenzi yokulima umlingo. Iziphumo zolu hlalutyo ngokuqinisekileyo ziyisiseko sokuqwalasela ngaphambi kokuqala ishishini

uhlalutyo lwezolimo-maggot

Iintlobo zoshishino loPhuhliso

Iintlobo ezizimeleyo zeqanda kunye nokuveliswa kwemagot zithengiswa njengentlanzi kunye nokutya kwemfuyo, ngaphandle komzamo wokuvelisa iipelisi okanye ukuthungwa kwemaggot. I-teknoloji ityathwa ngokuphumeleleyo luluntu ukuba izalisekisa ezi zinto zilandelayo zintathu

  • Iinkalo ze-Biological kunye nokuveliswa kwezilwanyana ngokuziphathekayo ziye zazi kakuhle
  • Ngokwenene, iteknoloji ingasetyenziswa
  • Uqoqosho lungaba luncedo

Uhlalutyo lwezoshishino

Uhlalutyo lwezoshishino luhlobo lokubalwa kwemali ukufumanisa ixabiso lentengo okanye utyalo-mali olufunekayo ekusebenzeni ishishini, kwaye ukuchonga ukukhangela kweshishini. Ezinye zezibalo ezifunekayo kuhlalutyo loshishino

  • Imali engenayo
  • Izibonelelo zomsebenzi
  • Inzuzo
  • Ukwamkelwa kunye nomlinganiselo
  • Ixabiso (r / c ratio)
  • Iphulo-yeyona nxalenye / bep) kwaye
  • Ixesha lokubuyisela
  • Ukuba umlinganiselo we-R / C ukhulu kune-1, ishishini lingafezekisa ukuqhuba, kwaye ngokulandelelana.

Ubungakanani bolu hlobo loshishino luya kuvavanywa ukusuka kwinqanaba le-five investment investment.

  • Ixabiso elikhoyo langoku (NPV)
  • Ixabiso lentlawulo yenzuzo (Net B / C)
  • Intlawulo yangaphakathi yokubuyisela (IRR)
  • Ixesha lokuhlawula (PBP)
  • Phula uze ukhombe (BEP)

Utyalo-mali olufunekayo ekuveliseni umtshini luquka izakhiwo ze-insectarium, i-larvarium, uomatshini bokubala udoti, uomatshini bokushicilela, kunye ne-trolleys. Iinguqu kwiindleko ezingagqibekanga

  • Iindleko zothutho zokuthuthwa kwenkunkuma,
  • Iindleko zombane,
  • Ixabiso lekhekhe yeoli, kunye
  • Imisebenzi yomvuzo.

A. Ukusetyenziswa kweCandelo loHlolo loShishino loHlolo

  • Ukuhlalutya le nkomo yeemvu, kucingwa ukuba insectarium yakhiwe kwindawo ye-2 m2 kunye ne-larvarium ehlanganisa indawo ye-3 m2
  • Isixa senkunkuma esetyenziswayo yi-200kg / imini
  • I-Magot eveliswe yi-10% yezinto ezibonakalayo. Oko kukuthi, ukuveliswa kwemagot yi-20 kg / ngosuku
  • I-magot efunyenweyo isetyenziselwa ukuveliswa kwe-pupa okanye inambuzane kangangoko i-15%, ngelixa elinye i-85% ithengiswa kwi-aquaculture industry
  • Intengo yokuthengisa yamagot iRp7.000 / kg
  • Ixabiso lokuthengisa isichumiso se-organic from process bioconversion yiRp1.000 / kg.

Iindleko zokusebenza

Ukuhlaziywa kweMaggot Ukuhlaziywa kwezilwanyana - Iinkcukacha zeNdleko zoTyalo-mali kunye neMisebenzi yokuvelisa iMagot

Uhlalutyo lokuhlakulela umbane-BSF

Iindleko zepropati zoPhuhliso

Iindleko zepropati zepropati ezenziwayo ekuveliseni umveliso wamagosa ngonyaka omnye

Iindleko zemiSebenzi yeeNkcitho = Iindleko eziHlomelo + zeNdleko ezingezantsi

Rp120.000 + Rp1.850.000 = Rp1.920.000

Intlawulo Iyonke Ngonyaka

Ingeniso yonyaka ngonyaka = Imveliso epheleleyo yamagot (kg) Ixabiso lentengiso ye-magot (Rp)

= (20kg / ngosuku X Rp7.000) X 85% X (iintsuku ze-365 - iiveki ze-52) = Rp43.435.000

Ukulahlekelwa Inzuzo

Ixabiso leenzuzo ezifunyenwe kwishishini lokuvelisa linokubalwa ngokusebenzisa le ndlela elandelayo.

Inzuzo (Rp) = Imali epheleleyo yeNgeniso (Rp) - Ixabiso leNdleko yoPhuhliso (Rp)

Rp43.435.000 - Rp1.920.000 = Rp41.515.000

Amandla Amashishini Aphakathi

Ngokusekelwe kwicandelo lohlalutyo loshishino olungentla, ubuchule boshishino lokuvelisa imothanti lunokumiselwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

1. BEP (Phula ngisho nePoint Point)

UkuPhula nePaint Point (BEP) kwiiNyunithi

bep-formula

Inkcazelo:

  • I-BEP: Phula nePain Point
  • IFC: Iindleko eziHlomelo
  • VC: Iindleko eziguqukayo
  • P: Ixabiso ngeyunithi
  • S: I-Volume Volume

UkuPhula KwePhuzu (BEP) kwiRupiah

i-formula-bep-rp

Iindleko eziHlomelo kunye neendleko ezingapheliyo ngekg

  • Iindleko eziQinisekileyo = I-Intlawulo yeNdleko / i-Unit Unit = 120.000 / 6.205 = 19 Kg
  • Iindleko ezingagqibekanga = Iindleko ezingapheliyo / Izakhono zokuvelisa = 1.850.000 / 6.205 = 298 Kg

BEP Kg

  • Iindleko eziQinisekisiweyo / (Intengo yokuThengisa nge-Kg - Iindleko ezixhasayo nge-Kg) = 120.000 / (Rp7.000 - 298Kg) = 18 Kg

BEP eRupiah

  • Iindleko eziQinisekisiweyo / i-1- (Iindleko eziPhezulu / Intengiso) = 120.000 / 1- (1.850.000 / 43.435.000) = Rp125.338

Inkcazelo:

  • Ikhefu-nokuba yinto ekhokheni yi-18kg. Oku kuthetha ukuba kula manani ayinakunceda kwaye ayilahleki.
  • Ikhefu-nokuba yinto ephilileyo kwiRp125.338

2. Ukubuyiswa koTyalo-mali (ROI)

I-ROI = (Inzuzo / Iindleko Zemveliso Yonke) x100% = Rp43.435.000 / 1.920.000 = 2.262,24%.

3. Imali yeRhafu yeRhafu (R / C)

Ubungakanani boshishino lokuvelisa umgangatho ophakathi luya kuhlolwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo,

R / C = Inkcitho (Rp) / Ixabiso leMveliso yoRhwebo (Rp) = Rp43.435.000 / Rp1.920.000 = 22,62

Inani le-R / C elitholwe yi-22,62 okanye ngaphezulu kwe-1. Eli nani libonisa ukuba ishishini lokuvelisa imveliso yamagot liyakwazi ukuqhuba.

4. Ixesha lokuhlawula (PBP)

Ukubala kwexesha lokubuyisela kulindeleke ukuba likwazi ukuhlalutya ixesha lokubuyiswa kwezobalo-mali ze-sakla magot yokuvelisa ishishini kunye neendlela ezilandelayo:

I-PBP (inyanga) = Utyalo-mali opheleleyo (Rp) / Inzuzo yokuSebenza (Rp) x 1 ngonyaka = (1.100.000 / 41.515.000) x 12 inyanga = inyanga ye-0,3.

Iziphumo zolu hlalutyo zibonisa ukuba yonke inkunzi-mali yokuveliswa kwamashishini okuvelisa i-magot iza kubuya ngexesha leenyanga ze-0,3.

uhlalutyo lwezolimo-maggot

B. Ukuxhaswa kweNkcazo yoShishino lwaBancinane

  • Ukuhlalutya le nkomo yeemvu, kucingwa ukuba insectarium yakhiwe kwindawo ye-100 m2 kunye ne-larvarium ehlanganisa indawo ye-100 m2
  • Isixa senkunkuma esetyenziswayo yi-500kg / imini
  • I-Magot eveliswe yi-10% yezinto ezibonakalayo. Oko kukuthi, ukuveliswa kwemagot yi-50 kg / ngosuku
  • I-magot efunyenweyo isetyenziselwa ukuveliswa kwe-pupa okanye inambuzane kangangoko i-15%, ngelixa elinye i-85% ithengiswa kwi-aquaculture industry
  • Intengo yokuthengisa yamagot iRp7.000 / kg
  • Ixabiso lokuthengisa isichumiso se-organic from process bioconversion yiRp1.000 / kg.

Iindleko zokusebenza

Ukuhlaziywa kweMaggot Ukuhlaziywa kwezilwanyana - Iinkcukacha zeNdleko zoTyalo-mali kunye neMisebenzi yokuvelisa iMagot

Uhlalutyo lokuhlakulela umbane-BSF

Iindleko zepropati zoPhuhliso

Iindleko zepropati zepropati ezenziwayo ekuveliseni umveliso wamagosa ngonyaka omnye

Iindleko zemiSebenzi yeeNkcitho = Iindleko eziHlomelo + zeNdleko ezingezantsi

Rp32.050.000 + Rp9.900.000 = Rp40.450.000

Intlawulo Iyonke Ngonyaka

Ingeniso yonyaka ngonyaka = Imveliso epheleleyo yamagot (kg) Ixabiso lentengiso ye-magot (Rp)

= (50kg / ngosuku X Rp7.000) X 85% X (iintsuku ze-365 - iiveki ze-52) = Rp108.587.500

Ukulahlekelwa Inzuzo

Ixabiso leenzuzo ezifunyenwe kwishishini lokuvelisa linokubalwa ngokusebenzisa le ndlela elandelayo.

Inzuzo (Rp) = Imali epheleleyo yeNgeniso (Rp) - Ixabiso leNdleko yoPhuhliso (Rp)

Rp108.587.500 - Rp40.450.000 = Rp68.137.500

Amandla Amashishini Aphakathi

Ngokusekelwe kwicandelo lohlalutyo loshishino olungentla, ubuchule boshishino lokuvelisa imothanti lunokumiselwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

1. BEP (Phula ngisho nePoint Point)

UkuPhula nePaint Point (BEP) kwiiNyunithi

bep-formula

Inkcazelo:

  • I-BEP: Phula nePain Point
  • IFC: Iindleko eziHlomelo
  • VC: Iindleko eziguqukayo
  • P: Ixabiso ngeyunithi
  • S: I-Volume Volume

UkuPhula KwePhuzu (BEP) kwiRupiah

i-formula-bep-rp

Iindleko eziHlomelo kunye neendleko ezingapheliyo ngekg

  • Iindleko eziQinisekileyo = I-Intlawulo yeNdleko / i-Unit Unit = 32.050.000 / 15.513 = 2.066 Kg
  • Iindleko ezingagqibekanga = Iindleko ezingapheliyo / Izakhono zokuvelisa = 9.900.000 / 15.513 = 638 Kg

BEP Kg

  • Iindleko eziQinisekisiweyo / (Intengo yokuThengisa nge-Kg - Iindleko ezixhaswe nge-Kg) = 32.050.000 / (Rp7.000 - 638 Kg) = 5.038 Kg

BEP eRupiah

  • Iindleko eziQinisekisiweyo / i-1- (Iindleko eziPhezulu / Intengiso) = 32.050.000 / 1- (9.900.000 / 108.587.500) = Rp35.265.149

Inkcazelo:

  • Ukuphuka-kwinqanaba le-kg yi-5.038 kg. Oku kuthetha ukuba kula manani ayinakunceda kwaye ayilahleki.
  • Ikhefu-nokuba yinto ephilileyo kwiRp35.265.149

2. Ukubuyiswa koTyalo-mali (ROI)

I-ROI = (Inzuzo / Iindleko Zemveliso Yonke) x100% = Rp108.587.500 / 40.450.000 = 268,45%.

3. Imali yeRhafu yeRhafu (R / C)

Ubungakanani boshishino lokuvelisa umgangatho ophakathi luya kuhlolwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo,

R / C = Inkcitho (Rp) / Ixabiso leMveliso yoRhwebo (Rp) = Rp108.587.500 / Rp40.450.000 = 2,68

Inani le-R / C elitholwe yi-2,68 okanye ngaphezulu kwe-1. Eli nani libonisa ukuba ishishini lokuvelisa imveliso yamagot liyakwazi ukuqhuba.

4. Ixesha lokuhlawula (PBP)

Ukubala kwexesha lokubuyisela kulindeleke ukuba likwazi ukuhlalutya ixesha lokubuyiswa kwezobalo-mali ze-sakla magot yokuvelisa ishishini kunye neendlela ezilandelayo:

I-PBP (inyanga) = Utyalo-mali opheleleyo (Rp) / Inzuzo yokuSebenza (Rp) x 1 ngonyaka = (17.750.000 / 68.137.500) x 12 inyanga = inyanga ye-3.1.

Iziphumo zolu hlalutyo zibonisa ukuba yonke inkunzi-mali yokuveliswa kwamashishini okuvelisa i-magot iza kubuya ngexesha leenyanga ze-3.1.

uhlalutyo lwezolimo-maggot

B. UkuThatyathwa koPhando oluPhakathi lweShishini

  • Kuhlalutyo lwenkomo yeemvu, kucingwa ukuba insectarium yakhiwe kwindawo ye-400 m2 kunye ne-larvarium ehlanganisa indawo ye-400 M2
  • Isixa semveliso engasetyenziswayo yi-3 tons / imini
  • I-Magot eveliswe yi-10% yezinto ezibonakalayo. Oko kukuthi, ukuveliswa kwemagot yi-300 kg / ngosuku
  • I-magot efunyenweyo isetyenziselwa ukuveliswa kwe-pupa okanye inambuzane kangangoko i-15%, ngelixa elinye i-85% ithengiswa kwi-aquaculture industry
  • Intengo yokuthengisa yamagot iRp7.000 / kg
  • Ixabiso lokuthengisa isichumiso se-organic from process bioconversion yiRp1.000 / kg.

Iindleko zokusebenza

Ukuhlaziywa kweMaggot Ukuhlaziywa kwezilwanyana - Iinkcukacha zeNdleko zoTyalo-mali kunye neMisebenzi yokuvelisa iMagot

Uhlalutyo lokuhlakulela umbane-BSF

Iindleko zepropati zoPhuhliso

Iindleko zepropati zepropati ezenziwayo ekuveliseni umveliso wamagosa ngonyaka omnye

Iindleko zemiSebenzi yeeNkcitho = Iindleko eziHlomelo + zeNdleko ezingezantsi

Rp120.300.000 + Rp26.700.000 = Rp139.500.000

Intlawulo Iyonke Ngonyaka

Ingeniso yonyaka ngonyaka = Imveliso epheleleyo yamagot (kg) Ixabiso lentengiso ye-magot (Rp)

= (300kg / ngosuku X Rp7.000) X 85% X (iintsuku ze-365 - iiveki ze-52) = Rp651.525.000

Ukulahlekelwa Inzuzo

Ixabiso leenzuzo ezifunyenwe kwishishini lokuvelisa linokubalwa ngokusebenzisa le ndlela elandelayo.

Inzuzo (Rp) = Imali epheleleyo yeNgeniso (Rp) - Ixabiso leNdleko yoPhuhliso (Rp)

Rp651.525.000 - Rp139.500.000 = Rp512.025.000

Amandla Amashishini Aphakathi

Ngokusekelwe kwicandelo lohlalutyo loshishino olungentla, ubuchule boshishino lokuvelisa imothanti lunokumiselwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

1. BEP (Phula ngisho nePoint Point)

UkuPhula nePaint Point (BEP) kwiiNyunithi

bep-formula

Inkcazelo:

  • I-BEP: Phula nePain Point
  • IFC: Iindleko eziHlomelo
  • VC: Iindleko eziguqukayo
  • P: Ixabiso ngeyunithi
  • S: I-Volume Volume

UkuPhula KwePhuzu (BEP) kwiRupiah

i-formula-bep-rp

Iindleko eziHlomelo kunye neendleko ezingapheliyo ngekg

  • Iindleko eziHlomelo = Iindleko eziHlomelo / Abasebenzi bokuvelisa = 120.300.000 / 93.075 = 1.293Kg
  • Iindleko ezingagqibekanga = Iindleko ezingapheliyo / Izakhono zokuvelisa = 26.700.000 / 93.075 = 287 Kg

BEP Kg

  • Iindleko eziQinisekisiweyo / (Intengo yokuThengisa nge-Kg - Iindleko ezixhasayo nge-Kg) = 120.300.000 / (Rp7.000 - 287Kg) = 17.920 Kg

BEP eRupiah

  • Iindleko eziQinisekisiweyo / i-1- (Iindleko eziPhezulu / Intengiso) = 120.300.000 / 1- (26.700.000 / 651.525.000) = Rp125.440.655

Inkcazelo:

  • Ikhefu-nokuba yinto ekhokheni yi-17.290kg. Oku kuthetha ukuba kula manani ayinakunceda kwaye ayilahleki.
  • Ikhefu-nokuba yinto ephilileyo kwiRp125.440.655

2. Ukubuyiswa koTyalo-mali (ROI)

ROI = (Inzuzo / Ixabiso leNdleko yokuvelisa) x100% = Rp651.525.000.000 / Rp139.500.000 = 467,04%

3. Imali yeRhafu yeRhafu (R / C)

Ubungakanani boshishino lokuvelisa umgangatho ophakathi luya kuhlolwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo,

R / C = Inkcitho (Rp) / Ixabiso leMveliso yoRhwebo (Rp) = Rp651.525.000 / Rp139.500.000 = 4,67

Inani le-R / C elitholwe yi-4,67 okanye ngaphezulu kwe-1. Eli nani libonisa ukuba ishishini lokuvelisa imveliso yamagot liyakwazi ukuqhuba.

4. Ixesha lokuhlawula (PBP)

Ukubala kwexesha lokubuyisela kulindeleke ukuba likwazi ukuhlalutya ixesha lokubuyiswa kwezobalo-mali ze-sakla magot yokuvelisa ishishini kunye neendlela ezilandelayo:

I-PBP (inyanga) = Utyalo-mali opheleleyo (Rp) / Inzuzo yokuSebenza (Rp) x 1 ngonyaka = (246.500.000 / 512.025.000) x 12 inyanga = inyanga ye-5,8.

Iziphumo zolu hlalutyo zibonisa ukuba yonke inkunzi-mali yokuveliswa kwamashishini okuvelisa i-magot iza kubuya ngexesha leenyanga ze-5,8.

izabelo

Ndimqhame Oku on ©

Yabelana Lo
G|translate Your license is inactive or expired, please subscribe again!