tlhahlobo ea maggot-khoebo-temo

Ho hlahlojoa ha khoebo ea ho hlahisa mahlaseli a sa khathollang

Tlhahlobo ea Temo ea Odorless Maggot - Ha ho etsoa tlhahlobo ea ho lengoa ha moriri o sa khathollang, ntlha ea pele ea bohlokoa e lokelang ho hlahlojoa e amahanngoa le thepa e sebelisoang. Ha ho hlahlojoa tlhahiso ea khomo ea BSF kapa ho hlahloba likhomo, sena ke lintho tse sebelisoang ke lihlahisoa tse entsoeng ka likokoana-hloko, litšila tsa fektheri le moiteli. Lintlha tse ling tsa bohlokoa ke ho hlahlojoa ha tlhahiso ea BSF, e leng

1. Lisebelisoa tse tala

Ntho ea pele e hlalosang temo ea BSF ke ho khetha thepa e tala. 'me seo re se khethang ke litšila tse entsoeng ka limela, hangata lihlahisoa tsa manyolo ha li na bohlokoa ba moruo' me hangata lia lahleha. Ho phaella moo, hona joale boteng ba eona bo atisa ho kopanya le litšila tse sa tloaelehang.

Ka hona, e le ho fumana lisebelisoa tse tala tsa tlhahiso ea lisebelisoa tse tala, ho hlokahala hore u leke ho hlophisa litšila tse nyenyane Potso ke, na balemi ba ka e etsa ka bobona?

Ho hlophisa litšila tse entsoeng ka metsi ho lokela ho etsoa ka mokhoa o hlophisehileng, ka bobeli le mekhatlo ea sechaba le mebuso ea sebakeng seo. Haeba mohato ona o le thata ho finyella, lihoai li ka sebetsa hammoho le liindasteri tsa lijo tse nang le litšila tse ngata tsa lijo.

Ka kakaretso, boteng ba litšila ba bona bo arohane hantle. Bahlami ba lihlahisoa ba lokela ho bala bokhoni ba lihlahisoa tse entsoeng ka mefuta-futa tse ka sebetsanoang ka ho tsoelang pele e le hore mochine oa khoebo o sebetse hantle.

2. Sehlopha sa bareki

Ntho ea bobeli ha ho hlahlojoa tlhahiso ea BSF ke karolo ea bareki. Khoebo ena ea tlhahiso ea mahlaseli e etsa boiteko ba ho fana ka mehloli e meng ea li-protheine ea tlhapi le mehlape ea lihlahisoa ka theko e theko e tlaase ka lebaka la bioconversion ea litšila tse nyenyane.

Haeba boiteko ba tlhahiso ea lihlahisoa bo lebisitsoe ho kenya lijo tse ngata tsa tlhapi litlhapi kapa indasteri ea phepo ea liphoofolo, e tla ba le tšusumetso e kholo lefapheng lena.

Hobane theko ea lijo tsa tlhapi ea selemo le selemo e eketsehile. Ntle ho moo, boteng ba magot o boetse bo ama lihoai le liphoofolo tse ruuoang ka ho toba. Ba khona ho hlahisa liprotheine tse ling tse ling ka tsela e lekaneng e le hore ba ka fokotsa litšenyehelo tsa tlhahiso.

Mekhatlo e meng eo hape e tla thabela sehlahisoa sena ke lihoai tsa meroho le litholoana, ka lebaka la ho fana ka menontsha ea boleng bo botle.

tlhahlobo ea maggot-khoebo-temo

3. Mofuta oa Khoebo

Tlhahlobo ea boraro ea tlhahiso ea BSF ke mofuta oa khoebo e tla etsoa. Ho na le mefuta e 'meli ea likhoebo tsa tlhahiso ea magot e' nileng ea ntlafatsa.

  • Mofuta oa pele ke likhoebo tse ikemetseng, e leng lihoai kapa lihoai tsa tlhapi tse hlahisang magot ho itlhokomela
  • Mofuta oa bobeli ke mofuta oa khoebo e nang le mohlala oa tšebelisano-motheo ea mali ea mali. Setsi sa mahlaseli a plasma sebopeho se entsoeng ka indasteri se loketseng haholo bakeng sa tlhahiso ea mahlaseli moo boemo ba mantlha (moko-motheo) e tla ba mohlahisi oa li-BSF.
  • Sebaka sa plasma se phetha karolo ea ho atolosa mahlaseli (ho fetola ha litšila tse entsoeng ka metsi) tse ka etsoang ka lits'ebetsong tsa phekolo ea litšila, bolulo, joalo-joalo.
  • Mantsoe a hlahisoang ke mokokotlo a ntan'o tsosolosoa ke mokokotlo oa ho fetisetsoa ho etsoa phofo ea maotong kapa lipelisi tsa khoebo.

4. Khoebo ea Khoebo

Memo ea maggot e arotsoe likarolong tse tharo tsa khoebo, e leng

  • Tlhahiso ea Maggot ea Pele
  • Tlhahiso ea Maggot e nyane
  • Temo ea Maggot ea Bohareng
  • Temo e kholo ea Maggot

Nahana ho hlahloba likhomo tsa majoe joaloka tlhapi le likhoho tsa likhoho. Tlhahlobo ena ea mahlaseli a liphoofolo ke ho hlahloba melemo e fumanoang mesebetsing ea ho lema limela. Liphello tsa tlhahlobo ena ke motheo oa ho nahanisisa pele o qala khoebo

tlhahlobo ea maggot-khoebo-temo

Mefuta ea Khoebo ea Tlhahiso

Mefuta e ikemetseng ea lehe le tlhahiso ea mahlaseli e qetella e rekisoa e le litlhapi le mehlape ea liphoofolo, ntle le boiteko ba ho hlahisa li-pellets kapa moriri oa majoe. Ho thoe theknoloji e amoheloa ka katleho ke sechaba haeba e phethahatsa likarolo tse tharo tse latelang

  • Lintho tsa likokoana-hloko le likokoana-hloko tsa liphoofolo li 'nile tsa tsebahala haholo
  • Ha e le hantle, theknoloji e ka sebelisoa
  • Moruo o ka fana ka melemo

Business Analysis

Ho hlahloba khoebo ke mokhoa oa ho etsa lichelete ho fumana hore na chelete ea bohlokoa kapa chelete e hlokahalang hakae bakeng sa ho phetha khoebo, le ho fumana hore na khoebo e ka khoneha hakae. Tse ling tsa lipalo tse hlokang ho hlahloba khoebo ke

  • Chelete e ngata
  • Melemo ea ts'ebetsong
  • Net profits
  • Ho amoheloa le karolelano
  • Tlhōlo ea chelete (r / c)
  • Qala-le ntlha / bep) le
  • Nako ea ho khutla
  • Haeba karolelano ea R / C e kholo ho feta 1, khoebo e khoneha ho sebetsa, le ka tsela e ts'oanang.

Mesebetsi ea mofuta ona ea khoebo e ka hlahlojoa ho tloha mekhoeng e mehlano ea matsete e latelang.

  • Nete ​​ea hona joale ea Nete (NPV)
  • Nako ea litšenyehelo tsa litšenyehelo tsa netsetse (Net B / C)
  • Tekanyo ea hare ea ho khutlela (IRR)
  • Nako ea ho lefa (PBP)
  • Qoba esita le ntlha (BEP)

Matsete a hlokahalang tlhahisong ea makotla a kenyeletsa mehaho ea likokoanyana, larvarium, mechine ea ho bala ea litšila, mechine ea khatiso le lisebelisoa. Liphetoho ka litšenyehelo tse sa tsitsitseng ke

  • Litšenyehelo tsa lipalangoang bakeng sa ho romela litšila tse nyenyane,
  • Litšenyehelo tsa motlakase,
  • Litefiso tsa kaka ea palema, le
  • Meputso ea mosebetsi.

A. Tlhahlobo ea Lekhetlo la Pele la Khoebo ea Likhoebo

  • Ha ho hlahlojoa mahlaseli ana, ho nahanoa hore insectarium e hahiloe sebakeng sa 2 m2 le larvarium e koahelang sebaka sa 3 m2
  • Palo ea litšila tse sebelisoang ke 200kg / letsatsi
  • Magot e hlahisoang ke 10% ea lintho tse tala. Ke Feel, tlhahisoéré ea magot keERS XXereka
  • The magot e fumanoang e sebelisetsoa tlhahiso ea pupa kapa likokoanyana ho feta 15%, ha e 'ngoe 85% e rekisoa indastering ea aquaculture
  • Theko ea thekiso ea magot ke Rp7.000 / kg
  • Ntho e rekisoang ea manyolo a manyolo ho tloha ts'ebetsong ea bioconversion ke Rp1.000 / kg.

Litšenyehelo tsa ts'ebetso

Maggot Lihlahisoa tsa Lihlahisoa - Lintlha tsa Lits'enyehelo tsa Lekhetho le Mesebetsi ea Lihlahisoa tsa Magot

tlhahlobo ea lihlahisoa tsa maggot-BSF

Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso

Kakaretso ea lihlahisoa tsa tlhahiso e entsoeng ho hlahisa tlhahiso ea limotši ka selemo se le seng

Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Lihlahisoa = Lits'enyehelo tsa Lichelete + Tse sa Phelang Litšenyehelo

Rp120.000 + Rp1.850.000 = Rp1.920.000

Chelete eohle ea selemo ka selemo

Kakaretso ea chelete ka selemo = Kakaretso ea tlhahiso ea magot (kg) X boleng ba thekiso ea magot (Rp)

= (20kg / letsatsi X Rp7.000) X 85% X (matsatsi a 365 - libeke tsa 52) = Rp43.435.000

Ho lahleheloa ke Melemo

Bohlokoa ba phaello e fumanoang khoebong ea tlhahiso e ka baloa ka mokhoa o latelang.

Melemo (Rp) = Chelete eohle (Rp) - Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso (Rp)

Rp43.435.000 - Rp1.920.000 = Rp41.515.000

Bokhoni ba Mekhatlo ea Khoebo e Bohareng

Ho itšetlehile ka lintlha tsa ho hlahloba khoebo holimo, ho khoneha ha khoebo ea tlhahiso ea magot ho ka etsoa ka tsela e latelang:

1. BEP (Qoba le Ponahalo)

Break Even Point (BEP) ho Units

sebopeho sa mochine

Tlhaloso:

  • BEP: Break Even Point
  • FC: Fixed Cost
  • VC: Litefiso tse fapaneng
  • P: Palo ka bobeli
  • S: Palo ea Lintho

Break Even Point (BEP) ho Rupiah

lebone-bep-rp

Litšenyehelo tse tsitsitseng le litšenyehelo tse sa feleng ho kg

  • Fixed Cost = Sephetho sa Palo ea Boipheliso / Sehlahisoa = 120.000 / 6.205 = 19 Kg
  • Lits'enyehelo tse sa tsitsitseng = Litefiso tse sa tsitsitseng / Matla a ho hlahisa = 1.850.000 / 6.205 = 298 Kg

BEP Kg

  • Tlhōrō ea litšenyehelo / (Theko ea theko ka Kg - Fixed Cost Per Kg) = 120.000 / (Rp7.000 - 298Kg) = 18 Kg

BEP ho Rupiah

  • Fixed Cost / 1- (Fixed Cost / Sales) = 120.000 / 1- (1.850.000 / 43.435.000) = Rp125.338

Tlhaloso:

  • Ho phomola-esita le ntlha ea kg ke 18kg. Sena se bolela hore linomoro tsena ha li ruise molemo mme ha li lahlehe.
  • Ho phomola-esita le ntlha ea rupiah ke Rp125.338

2. Ho khutla ha Investment (ROI)

ROI = (Lekhetho / Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Phatlalatso) x100% = Rp43.435.000 / 1.920.000 = 2.262,24%.

3. Tekanyo ea litšenyehelo tsa tefo (R / C)

Khoebo ea khoebo e hlahisoang ka nako e telele e ka hlahlojoa ka litlhahiso tse latelang,

R / C = Chelete (Rp) / Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso (Rp) = Rp43.435.000 / Rp1.920.000 = 22,62

Letlotlo la R / C le fumanoang ke 22,62 kapa ho feta 1. Palo ena e bontša hore khoebo ea tlhahiso ea mahlaseli e tloaelehileng e khoneha haholo ho sebetsa.

4. Nako ea Phomolo (PBP)

Nako ea ho khutlisetsa chelete e lebelloang e lebeletsoe ho khona ho sekaseka nako ea ho khutlisa matsete ea khoebo ea boipheliso ea sakla magot e tloaelehileng ka mekhoa e latelang:

PBP (khoeli) = Kakaretso ea lichelete (Rp) / Molemo oa ho sebetsa (Rp) x 1 selemo = (1.100.000 / 41.515.000) x Khoeli ea 12 = Khoeli ea 0,3.

Liphello tsa tlhahlobo ena li bontša hore chelete eohle ea matsete ea khoebo ea tlhahiso ea makhasi e tla khutla nakong ea likhoeli tsa 0,3.

tlhahlobo ea maggot-khoebo-temo

B. Tlhahlobo ea Khoebo ea Likhoebo Tse Nyenyane

  • Ha ho hlahlojoa mahlaseli ana, ho nahanoa hore insectarium e hahiloe sebakeng sa 100 m2 le larvarium e koahelang sebaka sa 100 m2
  • Palo ea litšila tse sebelisoang ke 500kg / letsatsi
  • Magot e hlahisoang ke 10% ea lintho tse tala. Ke Feel, tlhahisoéré ea magot keERS XXereka
  • The magot e fumanoang e sebelisetsoa tlhahiso ea pupa kapa likokoanyana ho feta 15%, ha e 'ngoe 85% e rekisoa indastering ea aquaculture
  • Theko ea thekiso ea magot ke Rp7.000 / kg
  • Ntho e rekisoang ea manyolo a manyolo ho tloha ts'ebetsong ea bioconversion ke Rp1.000 / kg.

Litšenyehelo tsa ts'ebetso

Maggot Lihlahisoa tsa Lihlahisoa - Lintlha tsa Lits'enyehelo tsa Lekhetho le Mesebetsi ea Lihlahisoa tsa Magot

tlhahlobo ea lihlahisoa tsa maggot-BSF

Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso

Kakaretso ea lihlahisoa tsa tlhahiso e entsoeng ho hlahisa tlhahiso ea limotši ka selemo se le seng

Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Lihlahisoa = Lits'enyehelo tsa Lichelete + Tse sa Phelang Litšenyehelo

Rp32.050.000 + Rp9.900.000 = Rp40.450.000

Chelete eohle ea selemo ka selemo

Kakaretso ea chelete ka selemo = Kakaretso ea tlhahiso ea magot (kg) X boleng ba thekiso ea magot (Rp)

= (50kg / letsatsi X Rp7.000) X 85% X (matsatsi a 365 - libeke tsa 52) = Rp108.587.500

Ho lahleheloa ke Melemo

Bohlokoa ba phaello e fumanoang khoebong ea tlhahiso e ka baloa ka mokhoa o latelang.

Melemo (Rp) = Chelete eohle (Rp) - Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso (Rp)

Rp108.587.500 - Rp40.450.000 = Rp68.137.500

Bokhoni ba Mekhatlo ea Khoebo e Bohareng

Ho itšetlehile ka lintlha tsa ho hlahloba khoebo holimo, ho khoneha ha khoebo ea tlhahiso ea magot ho ka etsoa ka tsela e latelang:

1. BEP (Qoba le Ponahalo)

Break Even Point (BEP) ho Units

sebopeho sa mochine

Tlhaloso:

  • BEP: Break Even Point
  • FC: Fixed Cost
  • VC: Litefiso tse fapaneng
  • P: Palo ka bobeli
  • S: Palo ea Lintho

Break Even Point (BEP) ho Rupiah

lebone-bep-rp

Litšenyehelo tse tsitsitseng le litšenyehelo tse sa feleng ho kg

  • Fixed Cost = Sephetho sa Palo ea Boipheliso / Sehlahisoa = 32.050.000 / 15.513 = 2.066 Kg
  • Lits'enyehelo tse sa tsitsitseng = Litefiso tse sa tsitsitseng / Matla a ho hlahisa = 9.900.000 / 15.513 = 638 Kg

BEP Kg

  • Tlhōrō ea litšenyehelo / (Theko ea theko ka Kg - Fixed Cost Per Kg) = 32.050.000 / (Rp7.000 - 638 Kg) = 5.038 Kg

BEP ho Rupiah

  • Fixed Cost / 1- (Fixed Cost / Sales) = 32.050.000 / 1- (9.900.000 / 108.587.500) = Rp35.265.149

Tlhaloso:

  • Ho senya-esita le ntlha ea lik'hilograma ke 5.038 kg. Sena se bolela hore linomoro tsena ha li ruise molemo mme ha li lahlehe.
  • Ho phomola-esita le ntlha ea rupiah ke Rp35.265.149

2. Ho khutla ha Investment (ROI)

ROI = (Lekhetho / Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Phatlalatso) x100% = Rp108.587.500 / 40.450.000 = 268,45%.

3. Tekanyo ea litšenyehelo tsa tefo (R / C)

Khoebo ea khoebo e hlahisoang ka nako e telele e ka hlahlojoa ka litlhahiso tse latelang,

R / C = Chelete (Rp) / Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso (Rp) = Rp108.587.500 / Rp40.450.000 = 2,68

Letlotlo la R / C le fumanoang ke 2,68 kapa ho feta 1. Palo ena e bontša hore khoebo ea tlhahiso ea mahlaseli e tloaelehileng e khoneha haholo ho sebetsa.

4. Nako ea Phomolo (PBP)

Nako ea ho khutlisetsa chelete e lebelloang e lebeletsoe ho khona ho sekaseka nako ea ho khutlisa matsete ea khoebo ea boipheliso ea sakla magot e tloaelehileng ka mekhoa e latelang:

PBP (khoeli) = Kakaretso ea lichelete (Rp) / Molemo oa ho sebetsa (Rp) x 1 selemo = (17.750.000 / 68.137.500) x Khoeli ea 12 = Khoeli ea 3.1.

Liphello tsa tlhahlobo ena li bontša hore chelete eohle ea matsete ea khoebo ea tlhahiso ea makhasi e tla khutla nakong ea likhoeli tsa 3.1.

tlhahlobo ea maggot-khoebo-temo

B. Tlhahlobo ea Mekhoa ea Boipheliso ea Khoebo ea Boipheliso

  • Ha ho hlahlojoa likhomo tsena, ho nahanoa hore insectarium e hahiloe sebakeng sa 400 m2 le larvarium e koahelang sebaka sa 400 M2
  • Palo ea litšila tse sebelisoang ke lithane tsa 3 / letsatsi
  • Magot e hlahisoang ke 10% ea lintho tse tala. Ke Feel, tlhahisoéré ea magot keERS XXereka
  • The magot e fumanoang e sebelisetsoa tlhahiso ea pupa kapa likokoanyana ho feta 15%, ha e 'ngoe 85% e rekisoa indastering ea aquaculture
  • Theko ea thekiso ea magot ke Rp7.000 / kg
  • Ntho e rekisoang ea manyolo a manyolo ho tloha ts'ebetsong ea bioconversion ke Rp1.000 / kg.

Litšenyehelo tsa ts'ebetso

Maggot Lihlahisoa tsa Lihlahisoa - Lintlha tsa Lits'enyehelo tsa Lekhetho le Mesebetsi ea Lihlahisoa tsa Magot

tlhahlobo ea lihlahisoa tsa maggot-BSF

Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso

Kakaretso ea lihlahisoa tsa tlhahiso e entsoeng ho hlahisa tlhahiso ea limotši ka selemo se le seng

Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Lihlahisoa = Lits'enyehelo tsa Lichelete + Tse sa Phelang Litšenyehelo

Rp120.300.000 + Rp26.700.000 = Rp139.500.000

Chelete eohle ea selemo ka selemo

Kakaretso ea chelete ka selemo = Kakaretso ea tlhahiso ea magot (kg) X boleng ba thekiso ea magot (Rp)

= (300kg / letsatsi X Rp7.000) X 85% X (matsatsi a 365 - libeke tsa 52) = Rp651.525.000

Ho lahleheloa ke Melemo

Bohlokoa ba phaello e fumanoang khoebong ea tlhahiso e ka baloa ka mokhoa o latelang.

Melemo (Rp) = Chelete eohle (Rp) - Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso (Rp)

Rp651.525.000 - Rp139.500.000 = Rp512.025.000

Bokhoni ba Mekhatlo ea Khoebo e Bohareng

Ho itšetlehile ka lintlha tsa ho hlahloba khoebo holimo, ho khoneha ha khoebo ea tlhahiso ea magot ho ka etsoa ka tsela e latelang:

1. BEP (Qoba le Ponahalo)

Break Even Point (BEP) ho Units

sebopeho sa mochine

Tlhaloso:

  • BEP: Break Even Point
  • FC: Fixed Cost
  • VC: Litefiso tse fapaneng
  • P: Palo ka bobeli
  • S: Palo ea Lintho

Break Even Point (BEP) ho Rupiah

lebone-bep-rp

Litšenyehelo tse tsitsitseng le litšenyehelo tse sa feleng ho kg

  • Fixed Costs = Fixed Costs / Staff Production = 120.300.000 / 93.075 = 1.293Kg
  • Lits'enyehelo tse sa tsitsitseng = Litefiso tse sa tsitsitseng / Matla a ho hlahisa = 26.700.000 / 93.075 = 287 Kg

BEP Kg

  • Tlhōrō ea litšenyehelo / (Theko ea theko ka Kg - Fixed Cost Per Kg) = 120.300.000 / (Rp7.000 - 287Kg) = 17.920 Kg

BEP ho Rupiah

  • Fixed Cost / 1- (Fixed Cost / Sales) = 120.300.000 / 1- (26.700.000 / 651.525.000) = Rp125.440.655

Tlhaloso:

  • Ho phomola-esita le ntlha ea kg ke 17.290kg. Sena se bolela hore linomoro tsena ha li ruise molemo mme ha li lahlehe.
  • Ho phomola-esita le ntlha ea rupiah ke Rp125.440.655

2. Ho khutla ha Investment (ROI)

ROI = (Lekhetho / Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso) x100% = Rp651.525.000.000 / Rp139.500.000 = 467,04%

3. Tekanyo ea litšenyehelo tsa tefo (R / C)

Khoebo ea khoebo e hlahisoang ka nako e telele e ka hlahlojoa ka litlhahiso tse latelang,

R / C = Chelete (Rp) / Kakaretso ea Lihlahisoa tsa Tlhahiso (Rp) = Rp651.525.000 / Rp139.500.000 = 4,67

Letlotlo la R / C le fumanoang ke 4,67 kapa ho feta 1. Palo ena e bontša hore khoebo ea tlhahiso ea mahlaseli e tloaelehileng e khoneha haholo ho sebetsa.

4. Nako ea Phomolo (PBP)

Nako ea ho khutlisetsa chelete e lebelloang e lebeletsoe ho khona ho sekaseka nako ea ho khutlisa matsete ea khoebo ea boipheliso ea sakla magot e tloaelehileng ka mekhoa e latelang:

PBP (khoeli) = Kakaretso ea lichelete (Rp) / Molemo oa ho sebetsa (Rp) x 1 selemo = (246.500.000 / 512.025.000) x Khoeli ea 12 = Khoeli ea 5,8.

Liphello tsa tlhahlobo ena li bontša hore chelete eohle ea matsete ea khoebo ea tlhahiso ea makhasi e tla khutla nakong ea likhoeli tsa 5,8.

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