Kodi Catfish ndi chiyani?

Nkhumba ndi mtundu wa nsomba zamadzi wambiri zomwe zimakhala ndi thupi, zowonongeka, ndi zotupa chifukwa pali mtundu wa ntchentche m'thupi. Nsomba iyi imakhalanso ndi masharubu pamlomo. Nkhumba zimachokera ku mawu achi Greek akuti chlaros, omwe amatanthawuza 'agile' kapena 'amphamvu', izi zikutanthauza kuti nsomba zimatha kukhala mkati kapena kunja kwa madzi. Nkhumba kapena zilankhulo zina zimatchedwa Clarias kapena catfish ndi mtundu wa nsomba zamadzi omwe amakhala m'madera onse padziko lapansi. Nkhumba zimadziwika mosavuta chifukwa cha thupi lawo lofewa, mavuvu aatali omwe amayamba kuchokera pakamwa pake, ndipo thupi lake liri lalitali, lathyathyathya. Zotsatirazi zidzakambidwa za nsomba komanso momwe mungapangire nsomba, poyambitsa chakudya cha nsomba, njira ziwiri zomwe zimapangidwira nsomba kuchokera ku chinangwa, momwe mungapangire chakudya chopatsa thanzi.

Kodi mungatani kuti mupange chakudya chambiri cha nsomba za 2019?

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Mtundu wa Catfish

Nkhumba zambiri zimagawanika kukhala mitundu yambiri ya zamoyo. Choncho musadabwe kuti nsomba za ku Indonesia zimakhala ndi mayina ambiri, kuphatikizapo ena: Kumadzulo kwa Sumatra wotchedwa Kalang nsomba, m'chigwa cha Gayo ndi chigawo cha Aceh chimatchedwa nsomba zakufa, mumtunda wa karo womwe umatchedwa nsomba za ku Sibakut, ku South Kalimantan yotchedwa nsomba za pintet, m'deralo. Makassar amatchedwa nsomba za rivet, ku South Sulawesi imatchedwa ikan cepi, ku Java imatchedwa catfish kapena leachate kapena sangkuriang, kapena nsomba za ku East Kalimantan.

M'mayiko ena, nsombazi zimatchedwa Mali fish (Africa), ku Thailand imatchedwa plamond, Sri siyomwe imatchedwa magura gura. Nkhumba yachingerezi imatchedwa kuti catfish, siluroid, catfish, kapenafishfish.

Makhalidwe a Catfish

Mitundu ya Clarias imadziwika mosavuta ndi ziwalo zawo zolekerera, zotupa, zazitali ndi zochepa, zomwe zakhala zikuphatikizana ndi zopsereza. Nthawi zina mapepala osokoneza bongo ndi ambuyo amamangiriridwa kumapeto kwa chiwindi, zomwe zimachititsa kuti nsombazi ziziwoneka ngati maso.

Maonekedwe kapena mutu wa catfish ndi kovuta kubwereza, ali ndi maso ang'onoang'ono komanso mawonekedwe a pakamwa pake, ndipo ali ndi mapaipi anayi a ziboliboli kapena timadziwa mavuwu, omwe ndi othandiza kuti tisamuke mumdima wa madzi. Catfish imasinthiranso kapangidwe kowonjezera kowonjezera komwe kamapezeka m'magetsi osiyanasiyana. Kukhala ndi mapepala awiriwa pansi pambali zonse ziwiri zimawoneka ngati mapezi amphamvu m'mapiko a chifuwa chake. Ambiri amatsutsa kuti ngati phokosoli limagunda thupi laumunthu ndiye kuti munthuyo amatha kutentha thupi chifukwa thotho sikuti imatha koma imakhulupirira kuti ndi yoopsa.

Nkhalango ya Catfish

Nsomba sizidzapezeka mumadzi a brackish kapena madzi amchere, kupatula ngati nsomba za m'nyanja zimakhala nsomba za m'nyanja za mitundu yosiyana kapena mabanja. Nkhumba zambiri zimakhala m'madzi ozizira pang'ono ngati m'mphepete mwa mtsinje ndi madzi ozizira, mabwinja, mathithi, madamu kapena malo osungira madzi, m'minda yamphepete mwa mpunga, kapena m'magazi a madzi otayika, mwachitsanzo mu sewers ndi kusamba kwa madzi osokoneza bongo.

Nsomba ndi nsomba zam'mawa, zomwe zimakhala zovuta kufunafuna chakudya usiku ukadza. Masana nthawi zambiri nsombazi zimakhala chete ndikubisala pansi pa miyala yayikulu yambiri komanso m'malo ochepa kwambiri kapena malo amdima.

Ngati zakutchire, nsomba zimakonda kuika mazira kapena kuzizira m'nyengo yamvula, chifukwa nyengo yamvula ndi nyengo yokhala ndi madzi ambiri. Ngakhale kuti ana ambiri amagwiritsira ntchito nsomba zazing'ono kuposa zamtundu wamba, palinso mitundu ina ya nsomba zomwe zimatha kufika ku 1-4 mamita ndipo zimatha kulemera kuposa 130 makilogalamu, monga nsomba za ku Pacific.

Kuwonjezera pa kukhala kumtchire, palinso mitundu yambiri ya nsomba zomwe zimatha kudya ndi kukondedwa ndi midzi chifukwa cha kukoma ndi maonekedwe a nyama yokoma. Mitundu yambiri ya nsomba za m'nyanja zimalimbikitsidwa ndi anthu ammudzi, kupatula kuti mitundu yambiri imagwidwa ndikusaka kuchokera ku mbadwa zawo zakutchire, zomwe zimachititsa kuti mitundu ina ya nsomba za m'nyanja ziwonongeke. Ponena za mtundu wa African catfish, umene umakonda kwambiri anthu monga nsomba, ndiwo mtundu wa nsomba zomwe zimatumizidwa mwachindunji kuchokera ku Africa.

Kudyetsa Nsomba

  • Chakudya Chachilengedwe

Pakuti chakudya chamatchi achilengedwe chingakhale mwa mawonekedwe mphutsi mphutsi kapena mitundu ina ya nyama zing'onozing'ono monga plankton kapena tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timakonda nsomba. Mukabwerera pamwamba pa njira ya umuna, njira ya umuna imalimbikitsa kupanga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

  • Zakudya Zowonjezera

Kuwonjezera pa chakudya cha chilengedwe, nsomba ziyenera kupatsidwa chakudya choonjezera chifukwa chakudya choonjezera chimalingalira kuti chiwombankhanga chiwonjezeke. Titha kupeza chakudya choonjezera mosavuta popanda kufufuza kapena kugula, chifukwa chakudya choonjezera chingakhale ngati nyama zochepa, matumbo monga nkhuku m'matumbo, otsala, tsamba la masamba, kapena masitala omwe ali ndi mapuloteni apamwamba komanso abwino kukula kwa nsomba.

  • Zakudya Zosakaniza / Zopangira

Zakudya zowonjezera kapena zopangira, zimapezeka pa ziweto kapena m'masitolo. Mtundu uwu wa zakudya zowakaniza kawirikawiri ndi mawonekedwe a bran, pellets, pasta ndi zina zotero. Mungagwiritsenso ntchito zakudya zopangira magetsi kapena mphutsi zamagetsi. Zakudya zowonjezera zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati chakudya cha chilengedwe chifukwa cha zakudya zabwino zomwe zimadya nsomba.

Momwe mungapangire nkhuku kudyetsa ku bran

Zida ndi Zida:

  • Chombo cha basin / drum
  • 5kg nthambi yabwino
  • BSF 2.5kg Maggot Pellets
  • Mchere wokwanira
  • 5 tbsp mafuta a masamba
  • Madzi oyera 5 lita
  • Poto

Mmene mungapangire:

  • Ikani zinthu zonse kupatula mafuta a masamba mu chidebe, kusonkhezera mpaka zosalala
  • Onjezerani madzi pang'onopang'ono
  • Ikani poto, nthunzi kwa maola 1
  • Tsitsani kukhetsa
  • Pambuyo pakuwotcha, sakanizani mafuta a masamba
  • Onetsani kachiwiri mpaka mutakanikirana
  • Tiyeni tiyime 1 usiku kuti tiwone mphepo
  • Momwemo mawonekedwe ozungulira
  • Zakudya zimakonzeka kuperekedwa

Momwe mungapangidwire chakudya cha catfish

Pali mitundu yambiri ya chakudya cha nsomba zomwe zingapangidwe ndi nayonso mphamvu. Zotsatirazi ndi chakudya cha catfish chomwe chinapangidwa kuchokera ku kokonati. Masamba a kokonati amasankhidwa chifukwa ndi osavuta kupeza. Zida ndi zipangizo zomwe ziyenera kukonzekera ndi izi:

Zida ndi Zida:

  • Nsomba / ngoma / mbiya
  • Chikopa cha kakhuta 25 kg
  • Mkonzi wa EM4 2 wokhazikika wokhazikika / ukagula, gwiritsani ntchito EM4 kwa nsomba
  • Chotupitsa 5-7 tirigu / 2-3 tepi tepi
  • Zakudya zamchere zimaphatikizapo nsomba za 0,5 makilogalamu
  • Pulasitiki yothamanga

Kupanga njira:

  • Finyani zamkati za kokonati kuti zisamamasulire madzi ena, mpaka zowuma
  • Kutentha mumadzi otentha kwa theka la ora
  • Kwezani ndi kukhetsa
  • Sakanizani em4 yankho, chotupitsa ndi yisiti ndi kokonati yowonongeka, sakanizani bwino
  • Pambuyo pake, alowetsani mu dramu, yambani msonkhano ndikupatsani chikhomo
  • Tiyeni tiyimirire masiku a 3-5 mpaka ndondomeko ya kuthirira imatha.
  • Ikani pulasitiki yotayira kuti chakudyacho chikhale chotalika
  • Ngati mukufuna kuti chakudyacho chikhale nthawi yayitali, mungathe kudya chakudya chamoto, chakudya chomwe chiri mu uvuni chikhoza kukhala kwa miyezi yambiri ya 2.

Momwe mungapangire mbalame zam'madzi kuzidya

Zida ndi Zida:

  1. 100kg manyowa oweta
  2. Njira ya EM4 ndi nsomba za 1
  3. Madzi oyera 20 lita
  4. Shuga / molasses 2 lita
  5. Paranet pakufunika
  6. Mtsuko wamadzi / madzi madzi 10-30 lita

Kupanga njira:

  • Manyowa auma poyamba poyanika
  • Sakanizani zonse zosakaniza ndikulimbikitseni mpaka blended
  • Zosakaniza zomwe zakhala zikulowetsa mu madzi / jirigen compan
  • Phimbani mwamphamvu makompyuta a madzi
  • Kutentha kwa masabata a 1-2
  • Aliyense tsopano ndikutsegula chivindikiro kuti mpweya utuluke

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