Kusanthula zamagetsi-kulima bizinesi

Kufufuza za bizinesi ya kulima mphutsi zopanda phokoso

Kufufuza kwa Kulima Magog Osalless - Pofufuza za maggot odula, chofunika chofunika kuziganizira chikugwirizana ndi zipangizo zomwe amagwiritsa ntchito. Pofufuza za BSF kulima kapena kusanthula ng'ombe, izi ndizo zowonongeka, zopaka fakitale ndi manyowa. Zinthu zina zofunika ndi kufufuza kwa BSF kulima, kutanthauza

1. Zida zopangira

Chinthu choyamba kulingalira za kulima kwa BSF ndikosankha zipangizo. ndipo zomwe timasankha ndi zonyansa zokhazikika, kawirikawiri zowononga zachilengedwe zilibe phindu lachuma ndipo nthawi zambiri zimatayidwa. Kuwonjezera apo, pakalipano kukhalapo kwake kumaphatikizapo kusakanikirana ndi zowonongeka.

Choncho, pofuna kupeza zipangizo zopangira zipangizo, nkofunika kuyesa kukonza zowonongeka Funso ndilo, kodi alimi angadzipange okha?

Mitundu ya zinyalala zoyenera kuyenera kuchitidwa moyenera, palimodzi ndi mabungwe ammudzi komanso ndi boma. Ngati sitepeyi ndi yovuta kukwaniritsa, alimi amagwira ntchito pamodzi ndi mafakitale omwe ali ndi zinyalala zambiri.

Kawirikawiri, kupezeka kwa zinyalala kwawo kumapatulidwa bwino. Alimi ayenera kulingalira zomwe zingatheke kuti zitsamba zowonongeka zitha kusungidwa mosalekeza kuti gudumu la bizinesi liziyenda bwino.

2. Gawo la Ogulitsa

Chinthu chachiwiri pakuyesa kulima kwa BSF ndi gawo la ogulitsa. Makampani opangira maginitowa akuyesetsa kuti apereke zakudya zina zopatsa thanzi ndi zinyama pa mtengo wotsika chifukwa cha bioconversion ya zinyalala zakuda.

Ngati ntchitoyi ikulowetsedwera kuika nsomba zing'onozing'ono m'makampani a nsomba kapena mafakitale, zidzakhudza kwambiri makampaniwa.

Chifukwa mtengo wa chakudya cha nsomba chaka ndi chaka wakula. Kuphatikiza apo, kukhalapo kwa magotso kumakhudza kwambiri nsomba ndi alimi a ziweto. Amatha kutulutsa mapuloteni enawo mosiyana kotero kuti athe kuchepetsa mtengo wogulitsa.

Maphwando enanso amene amasangalala ndi mankhwalawa kuchokera ku bioconversionyi ndi alimi a masamba ndi zipatso, chifukwa cha feteleza zabwino.

Kusanthula zamagetsi-kulima bizinesi

3. Mtundu wa Amalonda

Chifukwa chachitatu kusanthula kulima kwa BSF ndi mtundu wa bizinesi yomwe idzachitika. Pali mitundu iwiri ya makampani opanga makina omwe akhala akukula.

  • Mtundu woyamba ndiwo malonda odziimira okha, omwe ali alimi kapena alimi ogulitsa nsomba kuti athe kukwaniritsa zosowa zawo
  • Mtundu wachiwiri ndi mtundu wa bizinesi ndi machitidwe a mgwirizano wa plasma. Plasma nucleus partnership pattern ndi mafakitale omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga mphutsi pomwe malo apakati (core) adzakhala ngati wofalitsa mazira a BSF.
  • Maonekedwe a plasma amathandizira kupititsa patsogolo maginito (kutembenuka kwa zinyalala) zomwe zingachitidwe m'zinthu zonyansa, nyumba, ndi zina zotero.
  • Mphunguyi imatha kubwezeretsedwa ndi mitu yoyenera kuti ikhale yopangidwa ndi magotti kapena mapepala a malonda.

4. Business Scale

Kulima magogolo kumasiyanitsidwa mu masikelo atatu a malonda, omwe ndi

  • Kulima Maggot Oyambirira
  • Kulima Maggot Small Scale
  • Kukula Kwambiri kwa Magog
  • Kulima Maggot Kwambiri

Ganizirani za magog ng'ombe monga chakudya cha nkhuku ndi nkhuku. Kufufuza kwa zinyama izi ndiko kufufuza phindu lomwe limapezeka muzochita zamaluwa. Zotsatira za kusanthula izi ndithudi ndizo maziko oyenera kulingalira musanayambe bizinesi

Kusanthula zamagetsi-kulima bizinesi

Mitundu Yopanga Bungwe

Mitundu yodziimira ya dzira ndi kupanga maginito imagulitsidwa monga nsomba ndi chakudya cha ziweto, popanda kuyesa kupanga mapepala kapena mthunzi wamagetsi. Akatswiri amatha kugwiritsa ntchito sayansi yamakono kuti amvetsetse bwino anthu ammudzi ngati akukwaniritsa zigawo zitatu izi

  • Zinthu zamoyo komanso zinyama zamakono zakhala zikuyendera bwino
  • Mwachidziwitso, teknoloji ingagwiritsidwe ntchito
  • Economics ikhoza kupereka phindu

Business Analysis

Kusanthula bizinesi ndi mtundu wa ndalama kuti muzindikire kufunika kwa ndalama kapena ndalama zomwe mukufunikira pakuchita bizinesi, ndikudziwiratu kuti bizinesi ikhoza kuthekera. Zina mwa ziwerengero zomwe zikufunika mu kusanthula bizinesi ndizo

  • Phindu lalikulu
  • Mapindu ogwira ntchito
  • Net profit
  • Kulandira ndi chiŵerengero
  • Chiwerengero cha mtengo (r / c chiŵerengero)
  • Kuphwanya-ngakhale mfundo / bep) ndi
  • Nthawi yobwezera
  • Ngati chiŵerengero cha R / C chili chachikulu kuposa 1, bizinesi n'zotheka kuyendetsa, komanso mosiyana.

Bwino la bizinesi ili likhoza kuyesedwa kuchokera kuzinthu zisanu zomwe zimagulitsa ndalama motere.

  • Ndalama yamtundu wamakono (NPV)
  • Ndalama yamtengo wapatali (Net B / C)
  • Kulowera kwa kubwerera kwa mkati (IRR)
  • Nthawi yobwezera (PBP)
  • Sinthani ngakhale (BEP)

Ndalama zoyenera kupanga kupanga magotti zimaphatikizapo nyumba za insectarium, larvarium, makina owerengera zowononga, makina osindikizira, ndi makina. Ndalama zosagwiritsidwa ntchito mosagwiritsidwa ntchito ndizo

  • Zida zoyendetsa katundu zonyamula katundu,
  • Ndalama zamagetsi,
  • Mitengo ya mkate wa mafuta a kanjedza, ndi
  • Malipiro a ntchito.

A. Kulingalira kwa Poyamba Scale Business Analysis

  • Pofufuza nyongolotsiyi, akuganiza kuti tizilombo toyambitsa tizilombo timapanga malo a 2 m2 ndi larvarium yomwe imaphimba mbali ya 3 m2
  • Kuchuluka kwa zinyalala zakugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi 200kg / tsiku
  • Magot yopangidwa ndi 10%. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kupanga magotti ndi 20 kg / tsiku
  • Magotti omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga pupa kapena tizilombo monga 15%, pamene 85% ina imagulitsidwa kumsika wa aquaculture
  • Mtengo wogulitsa wa magotti ndi Rp7.000 / kg
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza wa feteleza kuchokera ku bioconversion ndondomeko ndi Rp1.000 / kg.

Ndalama Zogwira Ntchito

Magogogo Zogwirira Ntchito - Zambiri za Kugwiritsa Ntchito Ndalama Zogulitsa ndi Magot Production

Kusinkhasinkha kwa maggot-BSF

Ndalama Zopanga Zonse

Ndalama zonse zomwe amapanga zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi chaka chimodzi

Zonse Zopanga Zowonjezera = Zodalirika Zamtengo Wapatali + Zosasintha Zomwe Zilipo

Rp120.000 + Rp1.850.000 = Rp1.920.000

Ndalama Yonse Pachaka

Ndalama zonse pachaka = Zonse zopangira magot (makilogalamu) X mtengo wogulitsa magot (Rp)

= (20kg / tsiku X Rp7.000) X 85% X (masiku 365 - masabata a 52) = Rp43.435.000

Kutaya Phindu

Phindu la phindu lomwe limapezeka mu bizinesi yopanga ndalama lingathe kuwerengedwa pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi.

Phindu (Rp) = Ndalama Zonse (Rp) - Zonse Zopanga Zokonza (Rp)

Rp43.435.000 - RP1.920.000 = Rp41.515.000

Kukhoza kwa Makampani Opangira Zowerengera

Malinga ndi deta yofufuza bizinesi pamwambapa, bizinesi yamakono opanga magetsi imatha kudziwika motere:

1. BEP (Sambani Ngakhale Mfundo)

Bwezerani Point Point (BEP) mu Units

be-formula

Kufotokozera:

  • BEP: Sambani Ngakhale Point
  • FC: Fixed Cost
  • VC: Mitengo Yosiyanasiyana
  • P: Mtengo pamodzi
  • S: Mavoti Ogulitsa

Bwezerani Ngakhale Point (BEP) mu Rupiah

choyimira-bep-rp

Ndalama Zowonongeka ndi Zosatha Zosatha Pa kg

  • Zowonongeka = Chida Chakudya / Chachikulu = 120.000 / 6.205 = 19 Kg
  • Zopanda malire = Zopanda malire / Zopanga Zambiri = 1.850.000 / 6.205 = 298 Kg

BEP Mu Kg

  • Mtengo Wokwanira / (Zogulitsa Pa Per Kg - Zodalirika Pa Per Kg) = 120.000 / (Rp7.000 - 298Kg) = 18 Kg

BEP mu Rupiah

  • Zowonjezera / 1- (Zomwe Zidalirika / Zogulitsa) = 120.000 / 1- (1.850.000 / 43.435.000) = RP125.338

Kufotokozera:

  • Kuphulika-ngakhale pamakilogalamu ndi 18kg. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mu nambala izi sizingapindule ndipo sizitaya.
  • Kupuma-ngakhale mpaka mu rupiah ndi Rp125.338

2. Kubwezera kwa Investment (ROI)

ROI = (Zopindulitsa / Zonse Zopanga Zopangira) x100% = Rp43.435.000 / 1.920.000 = 2.262,24%.

3. Malipiro A Mtengo Wam'mbuyo (R / C)

Bungwe la bizinesi lopanga ndalama zingathe kuyesedwa ndi zotsatirazi,

R / C = Zopeza (Rp) / Zonse Zopanga Zokonza (Rp) = Rp43.435.000 / Rp1.920.000 = 22,62

Mtengo wa R / C umapezeka ndi 22,62 kapena kuposa 1. Chiwerengerochi chikusonyeza kuti bizinesi yopanga magotti imatha kuthekera.

4. Nthawi Yowonjezera (PBP)

Kuwerengera kwa nthawi yobwereka kumayembekezerapo kuti athe kuyesa nthawi yobwezeretsa ndalama za bizinesi yopanga magetsi pogwiritsa ntchito njira zotsatirazi:

PBP (mwezi) = Chiwerengero cha ndalama (Rp) / Phindu lochita ntchito (Rp) x 1 chaka = (1.100.000 / 41.515.000) x mwezi wa 12 = mwezi wa 0,3.

Zotsatira za kusanthula uku zikusonyeza kuti ndalama zonse zamalonda zamakampani opanga magotolo adzabwerera mkati mwa miyezi ya 0,3.

Kusanthula zamagetsi-kulima bizinesi

B. Kuwoneka Bwino Kwambiri Zamalonda Kufufuza

  • Pofufuza nyongolotsiyi, akuganiza kuti tizilombo toyambitsa tizilombo timapanga malo a 100 m2 ndi larvarium yomwe imaphimba mbali ya 100 m2
  • Kuchuluka kwa zinyalala zakugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi 500kg / tsiku
  • Magot yopangidwa ndi 10%. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kupanga magotti ndi 50 kg / tsiku
  • Magotti omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga pupa kapena tizilombo monga 15%, pamene 85% ina imagulitsidwa kumsika wa aquaculture
  • Mtengo wogulitsa wa magotti ndi Rp7.000 / kg
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza wa feteleza kuchokera ku bioconversion ndondomeko ndi Rp1.000 / kg.

Ndalama Zogwira Ntchito

Magogogo Zogwirira Ntchito - Zambiri za Kugwiritsa Ntchito Ndalama Zogulitsa ndi Magot Production

Kusinkhasinkha kwa maggot-BSF

Ndalama Zopanga Zonse

Ndalama zonse zomwe amapanga zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi chaka chimodzi

Zonse Zopanga Zowonjezera = Zodalirika Zamtengo Wapatali + Zosasintha Zomwe Zilipo

Rp32.050.000 + Rp9.900.000 = Rp40.450.000

Ndalama Yonse Pachaka

Ndalama zonse pachaka = Zonse zopangira magot (makilogalamu) X mtengo wogulitsa magot (Rp)

= (50kg / tsiku X Rp7.000) X 85% X (masiku 365 - masabata a 52) = Rp108.587.500

Kutaya Phindu

Phindu la phindu lomwe limapezeka mu bizinesi yopanga ndalama lingathe kuwerengedwa pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi.

Phindu (Rp) = Ndalama Zonse (Rp) - Zonse Zopanga Zokonza (Rp)

Rp108.587.500 - Rp40.450.000 = Rp68.137.500

Kukhoza kwa Makampani Opangira Zowerengera

Malinga ndi deta yofufuza bizinesi pamwambapa, bizinesi yamakono opanga magetsi imatha kudziwika motere:

1. BEP (Sambani Ngakhale Mfundo)

Bwezerani Point Point (BEP) mu Units

be-formula

Kufotokozera:

  • BEP: Sambani Ngakhale Point
  • FC: Fixed Cost
  • VC: Mitengo Yosiyanasiyana
  • P: Mtengo pamodzi
  • S: Mavoti Ogulitsa

Bwezerani Ngakhale Point (BEP) mu Rupiah

choyimira-bep-rp

Ndalama Zowonongeka ndi Zosatha Zosatha Pa kg

  • Zowonongeka = Chida Chakudya / Chachikulu = 32.050.000 / 15.513 = 2.066 Kg
  • Zopanda malire = Zopanda malire / Zopanga Zambiri = 9.900.000 / 15.513 = 638 Kg

BEP Mu Kg

  • Zowonjezera / (Zogulitsa Pa Per Kg - Zodalirika Pa Per Kg) = 32.050.000 / (Rp7.000 - 638 Kg) = 5.038 Kg

BEP mu Rupiah

  • Zowonjezera / 1- (Zomwe Zidalirika / Zogulitsa) = 32.050.000 / 1- (9.900.000 / 108.587.500) = RP35.265.149

Kufotokozera:

  • Kuphwanyika ngakhale pamakilogalamu ndi 5.038 kg. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mu nambala izi sizingapindule ndipo sizitaya.
  • Kupuma-ngakhale mpaka mu rupiah ndi Rp35.265.149

2. Kubwezera kwa Investment (ROI)

ROI = (Zopindulitsa / Zonse Zopanga Zopangira) x100% = Rp108.587.500 / 40.450.000 = 268,45%.

3. Malipiro A Mtengo Wam'mbuyo (R / C)

Bungwe la bizinesi lopanga ndalama zingathe kuyesedwa ndi zotsatirazi,

R / C = Zopeza (Rp) / Zonse Zopanga Zokonza (Rp) = Rp108.587.500 / Rp40.450.000 = 2,68

Mtengo wa R / C umapezeka ndi 2,68 kapena kuposa 1. Chiwerengerochi chikusonyeza kuti bizinesi yopanga magotti imatha kuthekera.

4. Nthawi Yowonjezera (PBP)

Kuwerengera kwa nthawi yobwereka kumayembekezerapo kuti athe kuyesa nthawi yobwezeretsa ndalama za bizinesi yopanga magetsi pogwiritsa ntchito njira zotsatirazi:

PBP (mwezi) = Chiwerengero cha ndalama (Rp) / Phindu lochita ntchito (Rp) x 1 chaka = (17.750.000 / 68.137.500) x mwezi wa 12 = mwezi wa 3.1.

Zotsatira za kusanthula uku zikusonyeza kuti ndalama zonse zamalonda zamakampani opanga magotolo adzabwerera mkati mwa miyezi ya 3.1.

Kusanthula zamagetsi-kulima bizinesi

B. Kuwunika Njira Zowona Zamalonda Zowona

  • Pofufuza nyongolotsiyi, akuganiza kuti tizilomboti timamanga m'dera la 400 m2 ndi lavvarium yomwe imaphimba mbali ya 400 M2
  • Kuchuluka kwa zinyalala zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi 3 matani / tsiku
  • Magot yopangidwa ndi 10%. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kupanga magotti ndi 300 kg / tsiku
  • Magotti omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga pupa kapena tizilombo monga 15%, pamene 85% ina imagulitsidwa kumsika wa aquaculture
  • Mtengo wogulitsa wa magotti ndi Rp7.000 / kg
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza wa feteleza kuchokera ku bioconversion ndondomeko ndi Rp1.000 / kg.

Ndalama Zogwira Ntchito

Magogogo Zogwirira Ntchito - Zambiri za Kugwiritsa Ntchito Ndalama Zogulitsa ndi Magot Production

Kusinkhasinkha kwa maggot-BSF

Ndalama Zopanga Zonse

Ndalama zonse zomwe amapanga zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga magetsi chaka chimodzi

Zonse Zopanga Zowonjezera = Zodalirika Zamtengo Wapatali + Zosasintha Zomwe Zilipo

Rp120.300.000 + Rp26.700.000 = Rp139.500.000

Ndalama Yonse Pachaka

Ndalama zonse pachaka = Zonse zopangira magot (makilogalamu) X mtengo wogulitsa magot (Rp)

= (300kg / tsiku X Rp7.000) X 85% X (masiku 365 - masabata a 52) = Rp651.525.000

Kutaya Phindu

Phindu la phindu lomwe limapezeka mu bizinesi yopanga ndalama lingathe kuwerengedwa pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi.

Phindu (Rp) = Ndalama Zonse (Rp) - Zonse Zopanga Zokonza (Rp)

Rp651.525.000 - RP139.500.000 = Rp512.025.000

Kukhoza kwa Makampani Opangira Zowerengera

Malinga ndi deta yofufuza bizinesi pamwambapa, bizinesi yamakono opanga magetsi imatha kudziwika motere:

1. BEP (Sambani Ngakhale Mfundo)

Bwezerani Point Point (BEP) mu Units

be-formula

Kufotokozera:

  • BEP: Sambani Ngakhale Point
  • FC: Fixed Cost
  • VC: Mitengo Yosiyanasiyana
  • P: Mtengo pamodzi
  • S: Mavoti Ogulitsa

Bwezerani Ngakhale Point (BEP) mu Rupiah

choyimira-bep-rp

Ndalama Zowonongeka ndi Zosatha Zosatha Pa kg

  • Zowonongeka Zowonjezera = Zowonjezera Mtengo / Ntchito Yopanga = 120.300.000 / 93.075 = 1.293Kg
  • Zopanda malire = Zopanda malire / Zopanga Zambiri = 26.700.000 / 93.075 = 287 Kg

BEP Mu Kg

  • Mtengo Wokwanira / (Zogulitsa Pa Per Kg - Zodalirika Pa Per Kg) = 120.300.000 / (Rp7.000 - 287Kg) = 17.920 Kg

BEP mu Rupiah

  • Zowonjezera / 1- (Zomwe Zidalirika / Zogulitsa) = 120.300.000 / 1- (26.700.000 / 651.525.000) = RP125.440.655

Kufotokozera:

  • Kuphulika-ngakhale pamakilogalamu ndi 17.290kg. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mu nambala izi sizingapindule ndipo sizitaya.
  • Kupuma-ngakhale mpaka mu rupiah ndi Rp125.440.655

2. Kubwezera kwa Investment (ROI)

ROI = (Zopindulitsa / Zonse Zopanga Zopangira) x100% = Rp651.525.000.000 / Rp139.500.000 = 467,04%

3. Malipiro A Mtengo Wam'mbuyo (R / C)

Bungwe la bizinesi lopanga ndalama zingathe kuyesedwa ndi zotsatirazi,

R / C = Zopeza (Rp) / Zonse Zopanga Zokonza (Rp) = Rp651.525.000 / Rp139.500.000 = 4,67

Mtengo wa R / C umapezeka ndi 4,67 kapena kuposa 1. Chiwerengerochi chikusonyeza kuti bizinesi yopanga magotti imatha kuthekera.

4. Nthawi Yowonjezera (PBP)

Kuwerengera kwa nthawi yobwereka kumayembekezerapo kuti athe kuyesa nthawi yobwezeretsa ndalama za bizinesi yopanga magetsi pogwiritsa ntchito njira zotsatirazi:

PBP (mwezi) = Chiwerengero cha ndalama (Rp) / Phindu lochita ntchito (Rp) x 1 chaka = (246.500.000 / 512.025.000) x mwezi wa 12 = mwezi wa 5,8.

Zotsatira za kusanthula uku zikusonyeza kuti ndalama zonse zamalonda zamakampani opanga magotolo adzabwerera mkati mwa miyezi ya 5,8.

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